Dr Tomasz Gromelski

  • Material culture in pre-industrial Britain and Europe
  • Political thought and political culture in medieval and early modern Europe (1350-1650)
  • European nobility and gentry
  • Eastern and central Europe


Material culture and everyday life in Tudor England

Modern historiography pays relatively little attention to the lives of ordinary men and women other than in the context of big economic or religious changes, dramatic social or political developments, or meta-problems. It also does not take full advantage of the great wealth of information about both ordinary and rare and luxurious objects designed, created and used by our ancestors. My research focuses on the experiences, actions and habits of the common man in the late-medieval and early modern Britain. It also analyses the material culture of home, workplace and leisure and generally the material ‘context for lived experience’ of those outside the political and social elite.

Political thought and political culture in early modern Central Europe in the comparative perspective

One of the principal tenets of modern historiography is the existence of a deep social and economic divide between the eastern and western parts of Europe, with a consequent polarity and incongruity in the sphere of political theory and political culture. It has been argued that, starting in the late Middle Ages, the region commonly referred to as east-central Europe (and Poland-Lithuania in particular) followed its own path of development, that its contribution to European culture was relatively modest, and that at its core it remained relatively unaffected by the civilizational achievements of the West. In my research I test the validity of these assertions by comparatively examining political thought and political culture in polities representing both the east and the west of Europe. I look at key concepts and ideas present in late medieval and sixteenth-century political, constitutional and legal discourses, and study their origins and evolution, how they related to the existing socio-economic structures, and how they were used by thinkers and politicians to understand and explain politics and social relations.

Everyday Life and Fatal Hazard in Sixteenth-Century England project website:


Living Standards and Material Culture in English Households, 1300-1600 project website: